Theory of Multiple Intelligences

(Multiple Intelligences – Howard Gardner)

The research on multiple intelligences is very interesting and has some important implications for the classroom. The basic idea is that one child may be more intelligent in one way and another may be more intelligent in another. Traditional teaching places emphasis on a narrow view of intelligence and those with other kinds of intelligences are not encouraged and may come to see themselves as failures. Current research suggests there are at least eight identifiable types of intelligence:

Linguistic Intelligence
The ability to use language to express one self, understand what others are trying to tell us through words, react stories with feeling, learn vocabulary or even a whole language

Logical mathematical Intelligence
The ability to understand and manipulate numbers and see cause and effect relationships.

Spatial Intelligence
The ability to form mental images of. Layouts, find our way around, learn through pictures and drawing

Bodily Kinesthetic intelligence
The ability to use parts of our body to make things or do activities such as playing ball games and dance

Musical intelligence
The ability to produce and recognize songs and play around with the melodies speed and rhythm

Interpersonal intelligence
The ability to understand others, corporate with them and recognize others’ intentions

Intrapersonal intelligence
The ability to understand ourselves, know how we are similar or different from others and deal with our emotions

Natural intelligence
The ability to recognize species of plants, the characteristics of different animals and relate to the natural world.

The most important implication for the classroom is that we should understand and respect that different children may learn mist effectively in different ways. Some children may learn a lot through drawing and seeing picture, others through listening to and singing songs. At the very least this means that our course should contain a wide variety of activities.

Paul David, 2010,Teaching English to Children in Asia, Pearson Longman

Gardner H, 2000, Intelligence Reframed Multiple Intelligences for the 21st Century, Basic Books



  1. #1 by Eva Reissa Assiry (7E) on 4 January 2013 - 2:47 pm

    Teachers can be control emosional intelligence to positive thing , for example provides teaching materials with game and sing .Knowing the ‘distribution of Multiple Inteligence similar to Knowing someone driven models,Learning style,Learning sensitivity and character communication.

    At first the theory of multiple intelligences is only the consumption of psychologists, but right now this theory has evolved into a tool that many people use. This includes those working in education. Educators (teachers) tried to apply this theory to be one learning model that can be applied directly to the learning process.

    The theory of multiple intelligences is the ultimate validation of the idea that individual differences are important. Use in education is dependent on recognition, recognition, and respect for each student or a variety of ways (lessons) study, in addition to recognition, recognition, and respect for every interest and talents of each learner. The theory of multiple intelligencesbukan only recognizes individual differences for practical purposes, such as teaching and assessment, but also consider and accept it as something normal, natural, and even interesting and valuable.

    It is unfortunate that the theory of multiple intelligences developed by Gardner’s newly implemented among educators today. The main cause is due to the influence of the doctrine of traditional learning, where not a few educators in the field who were taught to focus on the curriculum when making lesson plans and implementation of teaching, and should concentrate on helping students follow the curriculum.

    A lecture to be their main weapon educators in conducting learning, where students are considered as empty glass to be filled with water in order to become full. Students are asked to write enough to demonstrate knowledge and understanding has been achieved but it is something that is boring for students to learn.

    The theory of multiple intelligences that considers “all children have an advantage” is a model that promotes student and the curriculum is often modified to fit the characteristics, values, interests and talents of students. While teachers are implementing multiple intelligences in learning models could encourage students to use the advantages and potential students to demonstrate what they have learned

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