(Multiple Intelligences – Howard Gardner)
The research on multiple intelligences is very interesting and has some important implications for the classroom. The basic idea is that one child may be more intelligent in one way and another may be more intelligent in another. Traditional teaching places emphasis on a narrow view of intelligence and those with other kinds of intelligences are not encouraged and may come to see themselves as failures. Current research suggests there are at least eight identifiable types of intelligence:
The ability to use language to express one self, understand what others are trying to tell us through words, react stories with feeling, learn vocabulary or even a whole language
Logical mathematical Intelligence
The ability to understand and manipulate numbers and see cause and effect relationships.
The ability to form mental images of. Layouts, find our way around, learn through pictures and drawing
Bodily Kinesthetic intelligence
The ability to use parts of our body to make things or do activities such as playing ball games and dance
The ability to produce and recognize songs and play around with the melodies speed and rhythm
The ability to understand others, corporate with them and recognize others’ intentions
The ability to understand ourselves, know how we are similar or different from others and deal with our emotions
The ability to recognize species of plants, the characteristics of different animals and relate to the natural world.
The most important implication for the classroom is that we should understand and respect that different children may learn mist effectively in different ways. Some children may learn a lot through drawing and seeing picture, others through listening to and singing songs. At the very least this means that our course should contain a wide variety of activities.
Paul David, 2010,Teaching English to Children in Asia, Pearson Longman
Gardner H, 2000, Intelligence Reframed Multiple Intelligences for the 21st Century, Basic Books